The Seed Of David
The next prophecy we will be looking at will prophesy about the seed or offspring of David. We will be looking at the seed of David for a while, because the seed of David will be the longest teaching in this book. The name of David is mentioned more times in the Bible than any other name. It’s mentioned over one thousand times in the Old Testament, and it’s mentioned over fifty times in the New Testament. There will also be over a dozen Old Testament prophecies of Jesus connected with the seed of David.
This next prophecy of Jesus is found in 2 Samuel 7:12-14. God tells Nathan to speak this prophecy to David. The reader should actually start reading 2 Samuel seven starting with verse four to understand the context of this prophecy. David wanted to build a house for the Lord in verses one through three. God tells David in verse thirteen that it will be his seed that would build a house for the Lord. Solomon was also the seed of David, because Solomon was David’s son. Solomon did build a temple unto the Lord later on, so this prophecy will have a double meaning. It will be partially fulfilled in his son Solomon, but it will find it’s final fulfillment in Jesus Christ.
There are four things the reader should notice from this prophecy below. 1. God is speaking about David’s seed, who shall proceed out of the bowels of David, but not until after David sleeps with his fathers. This means after David would die. 2. David’s seed shall build a house for the Lord’s name. 3. God will establish the throne of David’s seed forever. Solomons kingdom didn’t last forever, so this is referring to a future King, whose kingdom will last forever. (Jesus Christ). 4. God says I will be his Father, and he shall be my Son. These four things are all fulfilled in Jesus Christ.
There is one more thing about this prophecy I want the reader to be aware of. Hebrews 1:5 quotes the last statement "I will be his Father, and he shall be my Son." as pertaining to Jesus. Hebrews 1:5 also quotes from another prophecy of Jesus in Psalm chapter two, so I will be giving both prophecies from 2 Samuel 7:12-14 and Psalms Chapter two along with Hebrews 1:5. Here are the prophecies.
2 Samuel ,13,14 "12. And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. 13. He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever. 14. I will be his father, and he shall be my son...."
Here is Hebrews 1:5, which quotes the last statement of this prophecy, and quotes from Psalm chapter two which will follow, and quotes both as pertaining to Jesus.. Hebrews 1:5 "For until which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?"
Psalm 2:6.7 then skipping to verse 12. "6. Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill
There was a voice which cried out from heaven at the baptism of Jesus in Matthew 3:17, Mark1:11, and Luke 3:22, and God said "This is my beloved son in whom I am well pleased." This same voice cried out the same words at the transfiguration of Jesus on the mountain in Matthew 17:5, Mark 9:7, and Luke 9:35. See also John 12:28.
Solomon applies the prophecy above, which was given to his father David directly to himself in 1 Kings 8:13-20 and 2 Chronicles 6:2-10. See also 1 Kings 5:3-5. Solomon did build a temple unto God, so the prophecy did have partial fulfillment in Solomon, but we will be looking at scriptures and prophecies in the pages to follow, which will speak about the temple which Jesus is building, and will also speak about Jesus being the seed of David, and will also connect this prophecy to Jesus Christ.
Stephen speaks about the house or temple Solomon built for the Lord in Acts 7:47-50, but he explains that the most High does not dwell in a house made with hands, and he quotes from Isaiah 66:1,2 in the Old Testament to support his point of view.
Acts 7:47-50 "But Solomon built him an house. Howbeit the most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands; as saith the prophet, Heaven is my throne, and earth is my footstool: what house will ye build me? saith the Lord: or what is the place of my rest? Hath not my hand made all these things?"
Isaiah 66:1,2 "Thus saith the Lord, The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool: where is the house that ye build unto me? and where is the place of my rest? For all those things hath mine hand made, and all those things have been, saith the Lord: but to this man will I look, even to him that is poor and of contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word."
These two scriptures indicate very strongly that the house Solomon built was not sufficient enough for God. Isaiah 66:2 above would also indicate that God looks for a humbled heart for his resting or dwelling place. Solomon also acknowledged that the house he built was not sufficient in 1 Kings 8:27. "But will God indeed dwell on the earth? behold, the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house that I have builded?"
Peter will also help us apply the prophecy god made to David directly to Jesus in Acts 2:29,30. Peter actually quotes from Psalm 132:11 to help prove his point, but the reader should understand that Psalm 132:11 is actually referring to the promise God gave unto David. Psalm 132:11 used the words "fruit of thy body". The words used in the prophecy God actually gave to David were "proceed out of the bowels of David." Both group of words refer to the seed of David, so Psalm 132:11 is referring to the same prophecy in 2 Samuel 7:12-14, but using different words to describe the prophecy.
Acts 2:29,30 "Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarh David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day. Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne."
Psalm 132:11 "The Lord hath sworn in truth unto David; he will not turn from it; Of the fruit of thy body will I set upon thy throne."
Paul teaches that the church is the temple of God, and each person in the church is like a stone within the temple, and the whole church together builds into the temple, with Jesus Christ being the chief cornerstone. We will be seeing prophecies about Jesus being the corner stone later in this book, but here is Paul speaking about these things in Ephesians 2:19-22. "Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow-citizens with the saints, and the household of God; And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone; In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord: In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit." We should notice the last statement Paul makes, when he said "we all together build a habitation of God through the Spirit." Jesus Christ is building a spiritual temple which is not made with hands. Jesus Christ is building up the church, and he is also building his kingdom, which will last forever as prophesied to David. See also 1 Corinthians 3:16,17 and 2 Corinthians 6:16.
An angel is speaking to Mary in Luke 1:31,32, and the angel tells Mary that God will give Jesus the throne of his father David. David lived a thousand years before Jesus was born, so he is only the father of Jesus as being an ancestor to Jesus. God himself was the actual biological Father of Jesus.
Luke 1:31,32 "And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David:"
We will be looking at some more Old Testament prophecies of Jesus Christ and the throne of David, but first here are some more references regarding him as the seed of David. Paul calls Jesus the seed of David in Romans 1:3 and 2 Timothy 2:8. The blind called him the son of David in Matthew 9:27, 12:22,23, Mark 10:46-52, Luke 18:38,39. A woman of Canaan called him son of David in Matthew 15:22. The crowds called him son of David during his triumphal entry into Jerusalem in Matthew 21:9,15.
The next prophecy we will look at here comes from Isaiah 9:6,7. The two statements in this prophecy "unto us a child is born", and "unto us a son is given" are prophetic of a future Messiah. They find their fulfillment in Jesus Christ, who was born Son of God and son of man. The statement "unto us a child is born" would refer to his birth as a man, but the statement "unto us a son is given" could refer to Jesus as the Son of God, who God gave to the world to redeem us unto himself. He would grow up to have the government of Israel upon his shoulders. There will be no end to his government, because his kingdom will be eternal, and the throne of David once again refers to him as the seed of David.
Isaiah 9:6,7 "For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and establish it with judgement and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this."
I will give the next four prophecies of Jesus Christ all together here, but the future Messiah who is Jesus Christ is called David in these prophecies. He was called David in these prophecies, because he is the seed of David. David already died about three hundred or more years before these prophecies were given, so they could not be referring to David himself. They are believed to be direct references to the Messiah himself, who the Jews understood would be the seed of David.
Jeremiah 30:9 "But they shall serve the Lord their God, and David their king, whom I will raise up unto them."
Hosea 3:5 "Afterward shall the children of Israel return, and seek the Lord their God, and David their king; and shall fear the Lord and his goodness in the latter days." We should notice that it says latter days here, so these prophecies are referring to the second coming of Jesus Christ, when the Messiah returns to rule over Israel.
Ezekiel 34:23,24 "And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd. And I the Lord will be their God, and my servant David a prince among them; I the Lord have spoken it."
Ezekiel 37:24 "And David my servant shall be king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statues, and do them."
The Messiah is referred to as a shepherd in the two prophecies from Ezekiel above. Jesus said "I am the Good Shepherd: the Good Shepherd giveth his life for his sheep:" in John 10:11. These prophecies refer to the Messiah, who is the Good Shepherd, and who is also the seed of David. There is another messianic prophecy from Isaiah 40:10,11, which also speaks of this shepherd.
Isaiah 40:10,11 "Behold, the Lord God will come with strong hand, and his arm shall rule for him: behold, his reward is with him, and his work before him. He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bossom, and shall gently lead those that are with young." The statement "his reward is with him" is typical of Jesus Christ in Revelation 22:12, where Jesus said "Behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be."
Those prophecies of the Good Shepherd, and the fact he is called David reminds me of Psalm 23, which was wriiten by David.
Psalm 23. "The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want. He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters. He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in paths of righteousness for his name’s sake. Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me. Thou Preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over. Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the Lord for ever."
There are other thoughts I have, when I look at those prophecies, which call the Messiah David. Jesus Christ will be a King liken unto David. He will rule in righteousness liken unto David. David was considered to be a man after God’s own heart. Let’s consider what Jesus said in Revelation 2:26,27 "And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations: And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father."
Jesus was saying that anyone who overcomes will rule with him at his return. I have no doubt that David qualified as an overcomer. I believe that David will rule with Jesus Christ in his eternal reign, with Jesus Christ being the supreme authority, but sharing his rule with overcomers. I also have no doubt that Old Testament prophets were looking forward to a Messiah who would rule in righteousness liken unto David, so they would always have David in mind, whenever they prophesied about the future Messiah. It will be very interesting to see David and Jesus Christ together after the resurrection.
The next prophecy connecting Jesus Christ with David comes from Isaiah 55:3,4 "Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David. Behold, I have given him for a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people." The thing to notice about this prophecy is that God says he will make an everlasting covenant. A covenant is like a contract or agreement which God is making here. He also said "come unto me: hear, and your sould shall live." The covenant he is making here is a covenant of mercy. We receive mercy, forgiveness, and eternal life through Jesus Christ. This is the covenant or agreement God has made to all mankind, but it’s conditional. We must receive Jesus Christ as our Savior. Jesus is the witness, leader , and commander this prophecy is referring to. Jesus is called the faithful witness in Revelation 1:5. Jesus said in John 18:37 "Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice." We can see some of the key elements of this prophecy in the words of Jesus here. A king is a leader and commander. The prophecy said those who come to him and hear shall live. Jesus came to bear witness to the truth, and those of truth shall hear his voice. I believe we can hear the voice of the Spirit of Christ in this prophecy. This was just a reminder to the reader to remember the Spirit of Christ who spoke through the Old Testament prophets.
The next four prophecies will refer to the Messiah Jesus as the righteous Branch, and the righteous Branch shall be of the seed of David. We already have looked at Isaiah 11:1 in a previous chapter in this book, which prophesies that a Branch shall grow out of Jesse. We also learned that Jesse was David’s father. The next two prophecies will connect this righteous Branch to David, and the two prophecies following will continue prophesying about this Branch.
Jeremiah 23:5,6 "Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS."
The next prophecy in Jeremiah 33:14-18 below is very similar to Jeremiah 23:5,6 above. The Lord says he will perform this good thing he has promised unto Judah. We should also notice that Jerusalem is referred to as she, and given the same name as the Messiah (The Lord Our Righteousness). I believe this is because Jerusalem will be filled with the righteousness of the Lord, and therefore have the nature of the Lord within her. The words "David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel" can collectively be applied to all the kings who reigned after David, but it will have it’s final fulfillment in the Messiah, who’s kingdom will last forever. David will never want a man to sit upon his throne in the reign of the Messiah, because the Messiah’s kingdom will last forever, whereas the Davidic line of kings ended when Babylon seized Jerusalem. The words "Neither shall the priests the Levites want a man before me to offer burnt offerings" would refer to the Priesthood office of the Messiah. Jesus Christ is the only King of Israel who also holds the office of a Priest, because all the kings of Israel were descendants of Judah , whereas all the priests of Israel were descendants of Levi, and therefore the priesthood of Israel is referred to as the Levitical Priesthood. A king could not be a priest, because a king was not a descendant of Levi, and a priest could not be a king, because a priest was not a descendant of Judah. Jesus was not a priest of the Levitical Priesthood. He is a Priest of a different nature, but we will learn more about this in a later chapter. It should also be pointed out that most of the kings in the Davidic line were evil or wicked in nature, so this prophecy is about a future Messiah who will rule in righteousness liken unto David.
Jeremiah 33:14-18 "Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will perform that good thing which I have promised unto the house of Israel and to the house of Judah. In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of righteouness to grow up unto David; and he shall execute judgement and righteouness in the land. In those dsays shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely: and this is the name wherewith she shall be called, The Lord our righteousness. For thus saith the Lord; David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel; Neither shall the priests the Levites want a man before me to offer burnt offerings, and to kindle meat offerings, and to do sacrifice continually."
The following prophecy will also speak about the Branch, but it also reveals both the office of King and the office of Priest the Messiah shall hold in the words "he shall be a priest upon his throne." It also says he shall build a temple of the Lord. We already learned he is building a spiritual temple (the church) earlier in this chapter, but Ezekiel prophesies about another temple, which will exist during the reign of the Messiah, so the reader might want to read Ezekiel chapters 40-48 to learn more about this temple. Some scholars believe the temple in this prophecy is referring to the temple Ezekiel prophesies about.
Zechariah 6:12,13 "And speak unto him saying, Thus speaketh the Lord of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the Lord: Even he shall build the temple of the Lord; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between them both."
The next prophecy comes from Zechariah 3:8,9, but this prophecy is understood best in the context which surrounds it. The Lord of hosts prophesies to Joshua the high priest in Zechariah chapter 3, but Zerubbabel is prophesied to in Zechariah chapter 4. Zerubbabel was a Judean prince, and Joshua was the high priest who lived in the time of Zechariah. Zerubbabel and Joshua shared authority within the community, and both were involved with the rebuilding of the second temple in Jerusalem. The rebuilding of the temple was highly encouraged by two prophets named Zechariah and Haggai. There will be more comments about this, but first here is the prophecy.
Zechariah 3:8,9 "Hear now , O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee: for they are men wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth my servant the BRANCH. For behold the stone that I have laid before Joshua; upon one stone shall be seven eyes: be hold, I will engrave the graving thereof, saith the Lord of hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day."
The Lord of host says "I will bring forth my servant the Branch." This statement is a prophecy of the coming Messiah Jesus, who is also the chief corner stone in other prophecies and scriptures we will be looking at in a later chapter. The seven eyes upon the stone are consistent with Zechariah 4:10 which says "For who hath despised the day of small things? for they shall rejoice, and shall see the plummet in the hand of Zerubbabel with those seven; they are the eyes of the Lord, with run to and fro through the whole earth."
There are actually two things two be considered in Zechariah chapters three and four. The prophecies in these chapters are about things which are going to be done in the natural, but these things will also be symbolic or a for shadow of spiritual things to come. Zerubbabel would be the leader in the rebuilding of the second temple, and it would be Zerubbabel who would bring forth the head stone for the temple.
Zechariah 4:7,8,9 "Who art thou, O great mountain? before Zerubbabel thou shalt become a plain: and he shall bring forth the headstone thereof with shoutings, crying, Grace, grace unto it. Moreover the word of the Lord came unto me, saying, The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house; his hands shall also finish it; and thou shalt know that the Lord of hosts hath sent me unto you."
This says that Zerubbabel would bring forth the headstone, which is also called the corner stone, and this stone was the foundation that the whole temple rested upon. The words "his hands shall also finish it" indicate the temple would be completed by the hands of Zerubbabel. The completion of the second temple is what Zerubbabel did in the natural, but it also symbolizes the completion of the spiritual temple Jesus Christ is building, which is the church. It also should be pointed out that God himself would be involved with both the building of the second temple and the spiritual temple. See Zechariah 4:6 which says "Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the Lord of hosts." It was the Spirit of God who anointed the building of the second temple, and it is also the Spirit of God who anoints the building of the spiritual temple (the church), and Jesus Christ being the chief corner stone or foundation in whom the whole church shall rest upon.
This next prophecy also reveals both the King and Priest offices Jesus Christ holds. It prophesies about a governor, which would indicate a ruler or one of authority like a king would have. The words "I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto me" reveals his office as Priest, which would allow him to approach unto God as a Priest. It was Jesus Christ who ascended up to heaven, and sits on the right hand of God as our High Priest making intercession for all his people.
Jeremiah 30:21 "And their nobles shall be of themselves, and their governor shall proceed from the midst of them; and I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto me: for who is this that engaged his heart to approach unto me? saith the Lord."
The next prophecy we will look at is not actually a messianic prophecy of Jesus Christ. It is actually a prophecy God gave concerning Eliakim. The interesting thing about this prophecy is that it is typical of a few other scriptures which do refer to the Messiah Jesus Christ. Here is the prophecy God gave concerning Eliakim. My comments about this prophecy will follow.
Isaiah 22:20-24 "And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will call my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah. And I will clothe him with thy robe, and strengthen him with thy girdle, and I will commit thy government into his hand: and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah. And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open , and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open. And I will fasten him as a nail in a sure place; and he shall be for a glorious throne to his father’s house. And they shall hang on him all the glory of his father’s house, the offspring and the issue, all vessels of small quantity, from the vessels of cups, even to all the vessels of flagons."
Eliakim was not a king, but he did hold a position of royal authority during the reign of Hezekiah. He was very influential in government matters as a chief advisor to Hezekiah. The words "upon his shoulder" or similar to the words used in Isaiah 9:6, which is a messianic prophecy of Jesus Christ given earlier in this chapter. The words "he shall be like a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem" is typical of the words "Everlasting Father" describing the Messiah in Isaiah 9:6. The words "he shall open, and none shall shut, and he shall shut, and none shall open" are the same words written in Revelation 3:7 about Jesus Christ.
Revelation 3:7 "...These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth."
The words "I will fasten him as a nail in a sure place" means Eliakim would be a symbol of security to his people. The nail is symbolic of a peg which was fastened to the walls in all houses in those days, and this peg could not be removed. People would hang all their valuables on this peg, because the peg was secure, so they felt secure in doing so. Eliakem would be like this secure peg, who they could hang their trust and hope upon. This is very typical of Jesus Christ, who is also like a nail or peg, who is the security of the church, and the Messiah in whom his people put their hope and trust. There is a messianic prophecy of Jesus Christ, where he is called the corner, nail, and battle bow in Zechariah 10:4. Corner refers to him as being the chief corner stone of the temple. The nail refers to the peg which was just explained. The battle bow refers to the defensive might of the Messiah, which will be well demonstrated at the second coming of Jesus Christ as described in Revelation 19:11-21.
Zechariah 10:4 "Out him came forth the corner, out of him the nail, out of him the battle bow, out of him every oppressor together" The words "out of him" means out of Judah. Hebrews 7:14 says "it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Judah." Revelation 5:5 refers to Jesus as being the "Lion of the tribe of Judah."
Psalm 72 below is a psalm which has been titled "A Psalm For Solomon." It’s actually a prayer for the king. It appears to be a prayer of a loyal subject for the king. It is uncertain as to the actual king the prayer might have been intended for, but Solomon is the most popular candidate for being the subject of this prayer. The interesting thing about this psalm is that it goes beyond the Davidic king who was the original subject, and portrays a picture of the ideal or perfect king, which is a portrait of the perfect Messiah who will rule his kingdom righteously, so it’s messianic in the way it portrays the characteristics of the perfect future Messiah Jesus. It perhaps might be best understood as revealing the heart, faith, and hopes of a loyal subject, who anticipates the coming of a futuristic Messiah promised throughout scripture.
Give the king thy judgments, O God, and thy righteousness unto the king’s son. He shall judge thy people with righteousness, and thy poor with judgment. The mountains shall bring peace to the people, and the little hills, by righteousness. He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor. They shall fear thee as long as the Sun and moon endure, throughout all generations. He shall come down like rain upon the mown grass: as showers that water the earth. In his days shall the righteous flourish; and the abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth. He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth. They that dwell in the wilderness shall bow before him; and his enemies shall lick the dust. The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents: the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts. Yea, all kings shall fall down before him: all nations shall serve him. For he shall deliver the needy when he crieth; the poor also, and him that hath no helper. He shall spare the poor and needy, and shall save the souls of the needy. He shall redeem their soul from deceit and violence: and precious shall their blood be in his sight. And he shall live, and to him shall be given of the gold of Sheba: prayer also shall be made for him continually; and daily shall he be praised. There shall be an handful of corn in the earth upon the top of the mountains; the fruit thereof shall shake like Lebanon: and they of the city shall flourish like grass of the earth. His name shall endure for ever: his name shall be continued as long as the sun: and men shall be blessed in him: all nations shall call him blessed. Blessed be the Lord God, the God of Israel, who only doeth wondrous things. And blessed be his glorious name for ever: and let the whole earth be filled with his glory; Amen, and Amen.
I also want to bring Psalm 89 to the reader’s attention. Psalm 89 is considered to be messianic, because it speaks about things which only the Messiah Jesus can fulfill. I will not give all of Psalm 89 here because of the length of the psalm, but I will give a part of it to show certain highlights which pertain to the Messiah.
Psalm 89: 3,4,18-29 3. I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant, 4. Thy seed will I estabish for ever, and build up thy throne to all generations. (Skipping to verse 18) 18. For the Lord is our defence: and the Holy One of Israel is our king. 19. Then thou spakest in vision to thy holy one, and saidst, I have laid help upon one that is mighty; I have exalted one chosen out of the people. 20. I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him: 21. With whom my hand shall be established: mine arm also shall strengthen him. 22. The enemy shall not exact upon him; nor the son of wickedness afflict him. 23. And I will beat down his foes before his face, and plague them that hate him. 24. But my faithfulness and my mercy shall be with him: and in my name shall his horn be exalted. 25. I will set his hand also in the sea, and his right hand in the rivers. 26. He shall cry unto me, Thou art my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation. 27. Also I will make him my firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth. 28. My mercy will I keep foe him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him. 29. His seed also will I make to endure for ever, and his throne as the days of heaven.
This psalm could be about both David and Jesus Christ having a duel meaning. We should notice verse 27, which says "I will make him my firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth." Jesus is called his firstborn in New Testament scriptures.
Colossians 1:15 "Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature." Hebrews 1:6 "And again, when he bringeth in the first begotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him." Romans 8:29 "For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren."
Jesus is the biological Son of God, and also the biological son of Mary. Therefore he is a form of God, and also a form of man in one person. Therefore, he is called Son of God and son of man. We should remember John which says "But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name." All who put their trust and faith in him will become sons and daughters of God. Therefore, all true members of the church are sons and daughters of God, but Jesus is the head of the church, and the firstborn Son of God, and the firstborn of the church.
This will conclude this chapter. The next three chapters will be shorter chapters as we look at Old Testament prophecies and scriptures revealing Jesus the Messiah as the Corner Stone, Priest, and Prophet. We will start with him being the Corner Stone in the next chapter, and then the following two chapters will reveal his offices as Priest and a Prophet.